|Available from||Kan Cha'an
|“||The contents of the previous three scrolls, in a compact roll for easy transport.||”|
Ajaw or Chanan: Mayan Kings. Mayan kings were considered to be godlike. They were the centers of power for the Mayan civilization. Each Mayan city-state was controlled by a dynasty of kings, who collectively drove the empire forward. Every single Mayan king created some form of monument to prove his power, some still stand, while some are in ruin. Mayan kings were expected to legitimize their claim of power. One of the ways to do this was to build a temple or pyramid.
Ix: Mayan Queens. Maya queens were often dressed as maize goddesses. Although the Maya preferred that ruler ship pass to sons and not daughters, the eighth ruler of Palenque was a woman. Her name was Yohl Ik’nal, and she ruled for twenty years. She was most likely the sister or daughter of the previous ruler, Kan B’ahlam I.
Atan: Peasant. Maya women were important for many reasons. They were not seen as passive subordinates, instead they had important roles to play in society. Some of the most basic roles played by women were those of weaver and harvester. Maya standards of beauty included filing their front teeth with elaborate patterns, being scarred and or tattooed from the waist up after marriage, and crossed eyes, which parents caused by hanging beads in front of their babies noses.
Winik: Peasant. It was the man’s responsibility to hunt and kill deer. The males would also produced food through agricultural. Another large aspect of the men's life was to train the children in these endeavors.
Te'xu': Axemen. Those that would gather lumber from the Mayan rain forests would use them to build their early huts. The lumber later became used more as an aggregate, so these builders work load grew greatly to fill the demand of the large structures.
Pam: Miner. These men had the most laborious of all work. Due to the massive amounts of rock needed to build the great Mayan structures. The minors would have to quarry very large amounts of rock and deliver them to the build sites, which would many times be very far from the quarry.
Kanan: Warriors. There was a core of warriors that served year round as guards and obtained sacrificial victims, but most large Maya cities and religious centers had militias. These men were paid to fight for the duration of the battle. Then they would return to their fields or crafts. You can count on these Warriors to keep your villages safe from predators
We'matz : Farmer. These were the maize farmers of the Mayans. These farmers are responsible for planting and harvesting the maize needed by a village. They live in the larger of the maize farms rather than the smaller corn fields.
Ajpay : Merchant. Sometimes Mayans would travel to near by friendly villages and trade their goods. The goods sold would vary depending on the skills the merchant possessed and the trades made along the way. Purchases were most often made with cacao as a form of currency.
Tz'on: Crafter. These Mayans were skilled in making most of the items that the Mayans required in every day life. They would craft everything from stone tools to dig and mine to weapons like spears and daggers. They were also very highly skilled at weaving and used this art to decorate their surroundings.
Ah tz'on: Army Smith. It was this smiths job to create weapons used by the Maya which included spear-throwers known as atlatls, blowguns, obsidian spiked clubs, and spears, axes, and knives tipped with flint or obsidian blades. Bow and arrows were also used, but not as extensively. Though there were few helmets, they used decorated shields made from woven mats or wood and animal skins for protection. They usually wore padded cotton armor, a mantle with religious insignias, and elaborate wooden and cloth headdresses. The Ah tz'on will create all the tools your growing village will need.
Uxul: Carver. These Mayans had the unique skills to craft the more highly detailed reliefs and ornaments which adorned the great Mayan structures. Carvers will create an elaborate golden ornamental block that will be used to adorn your advanced mayan villages. They will also carve elaborate reliefs to tell the tale of the Mayans, there reliefs will be found on the more prominent buildings in the village.
Aj K'in: Shaman. The traditional Maya have their own religious functionaries, often hierarchically organized, and charged with the duties of praying and sacrificing on behalf of lineages, local groups, or the entire community. The Mayan villagers will look to the Shaman for guidance.
Aj : Shamans Wife. These wives of the village shaman would often help her husband carry out the duties of the shaman. While the husband had all of the spiritual power, the woman's duty was to cover most of the work load.
Mijin: Children. The role of the children in the Maya society was first and foremost to help their elders. Once children turned five or six they were expected to contribute to the family. They were treated as young adults and received more responsibilities as they grew older
Bakul: Youth. The young boys were taught hunting skills, while the girls were trained in the household, she was also taught how to keep the domestic religious shrines, and even how to keep and nurture the deer that were kept as pets and used as food.
Maize. Maize, or corn, was the central component to the diet of the ancient Maya, and figured prominently in Maya mythology and ideology. Maize was used and eaten in a variety of ways. maize was typically ground up on a metate and prepared in a number of ways. Tortillas, cooked on a comal and used to wrap other foods meat, beans, etc., were common and are perhaps the best known pre-Columbian Mesoamerican food. Tamales consist of corn dough, often containing a filling, that are wrapped in a corn husk and steam-cooked. Both atole and pozole were liquid based gruel-like dishes that were made by mixing ground maize (hominy) with water, with atole being denser and used as a drinking source and pozole having complete big grains of maize incorporated into a turkey broth. This will be the main source of food for the Mayans, they will farm maize to create Masa and Wah which they will need to grow and thrive.
Masa. The Mayan tortilla was made from specially treated (nixtamalized) maize flour, which has been a staple food of the Mayan region since pre-Columbian times. The maize tortilla is somewhat thicker and heartier in texture than it's modern day counterpart. The Mayans will make these tortillas by grinding three Maize cobs together in a straight flat line. If you are to obtain maize yourself you would be able to recreate the Masa for yourself.
Wah. Or tamale is a traditional Mayan dish made of masa wrapped around some type of meat and steam cooked. Tamales originated in Mesoamerica as early as 8000 to 5000 BC. Aztec and Maya civilizations as well as the Olmeca and Tolteca before them used tamales as a portable food, often to support their armies but also for hunters and travelers.This is the delicacy of the Mayans they used this food to grow into a strong civilization. Made similar to the masa, wah was created by placing chickens meat between two cobs of maize on a flat plane. If you were so inclined you could recreate your own Mayan wah in this way.
Cacauhaa. This bitter drink made with cacao beans, vanilla and spices was a delicacy for the Mayans and used as part of religious ceremonies.
|Construction & decoration
Mayan Gold Ornaments. The Mayans created these elaborate gold leaf ornaments which they pounded into place over the stone blocks on their amazing structures. When in place they would then adorn the block with colorful materials and gems. The Mayan Carvers created these amazing blocks, they simply required a gold ingot and a block of stone per square to create these amazing pieces.
Mayan statue. These relief carvings were spread throughout the Mayan buildings,. The grand pyramids and temples often housed the most intricate and detailed of these. These carvings tell the stories of Mayan life. These reliefs were also created by the skilled carvers. They would use a mix of stone and sandstone to create these highly detailed works of art.
Mayan villagers. A scroll describing the different types of Mayan villagers, both those who work, and those who watch others work.
Mayan buildings. A list of all buildings constructed by Mayan villagers, from the Axemen hut to the mighty pyramids of Mayan kings.
Mayan objects. Do you have to be told?
Complete Mayan scroll. The contents of the previous three scrolls, in a compact roll for easy transport.
Muul : Mayan Pyramids. The Mayans built hundreds of different variations of pyramids from the most common the step pyramid to the pyramidal platforms which they placed their palaces, temples, sacrificial alters and other structures on top of.
K'uhul Jalab : Sacred Ball Court. The Sacred Ball Court was the site of a brutal Mayan sport. The field, approximately the size of a football field, is bordered by two imposing walls 26 feet tall. Seven combatants on each team tried to get a small rubber ball to go through a small stone hoop 23 feet above the ground supposedly without using their hands or feet to touch the ball.
Kan Cha'an : Observatory. The ancient Maya built observatories and aligned their most important buildings with the movements of celestial bodies such as the Sun and the Pleiades. Mayan astronomers noted the positions of the Sun, the Moon’s greatest northern and southern declinations, and the passages of Venus. They used the shadows inside the room cast from the angle of the Sun hitting the doorway, for example, to tell when the solstices would occur.
Maya Otoch : Mayan home. These buildings started as simple mud, wood and stone huts, but as the Mayan civilization grew they were replaced with stone structures. The sloped thatch roof style of the huts also gave way to the stone dome look they became famous for.
B'aat Winik Nah : Axeman's house. These were the homes of the Mayans that supplied the wood required to help their village grow.
Tunich In-ti'a'al : Stone Mine. Mayan Villages grew to use insane amounts of rock, most common of which was limestone. This stone was quarried from shallow mines near the village limits.
Kob Took : Crafter's. This was the often well decorated home of, the Crafter. These homes were often full of supplies that were used to create the various items used by the tribe.
Ah Tz'on Si' Took : War Forge. This was the building used to create and store the various weapons used by the Mayans in warfare and everyday hunting.
Uxul Otoch : Carver's Home. This home was used by the village carver. The carvers would often store their supplies in the home for easy access in their creations.
Maize Makan : Corn Farm. Corn, being the staple of the Mayan civilization, was planted all around the Mayan villages. Some cities grew into the tens of thousands of occupants, therefore very large amounts of corn had to be grown.
Ah Kax Makan : Chicken Farm. Mayans farmed fowl for it's meat mainly. The meat was generally used as a filler in the famous Mayan tamales.
Chanan Nah : Guardian's House. The Mayan warriors, while in many cases were simple villagers who occupied other jobs as well, were sometimes dedicated warriors who focused on the arts of hunting and warfare. These warriors homes were often adorned with trophies from their adventures.
Ah Waay Su'uk : Shaman Grounds. The home of the Mayan shamans and their wives. Often dedicated to the beliefs of the shaman.
Jalab : Ball Courts. The games played in the ball court were sometimes played to the death. The Maya central city area was built for religious reasons. Almost every Mayan city had a ball court to play the ball game Pok-A-Tok. Pok-A-Tok games were often played as parts of religious ceremonies
K'aax : Grove. The location of the main supply of wood for a village. The Maya would keep a centralized area for the harvesting of lumber. Once stripped bare they would move into new areas often migrating their villages when they did.
Hu'um-Noh : Library. Mayan libraries were simply structures built to house the glyphs of the villages achievements and important people.
K'u-nah : Temple. The Mayan temples were often very elaborate. They were the location of the religous going on's, and most times housed the royal priests.
K'eyem : Alter. The Mayans sacrificed everything from animals to people. These sacrifices most times took place atop spectacular alters which would become coated in the blood of their victims
Chak : Bakery. This is where the Mayans would bring their food to be cooked into meals for the tribe. Masa and wah are created at these Mayan bakeries, along with the rest of their cuisine like cacao.
K'in Pak : Mayan Calendar. The ancient Mayas invented a calendar of remarkable accuracy and complexity. The Maya calendar uses three different dating systems in parallel, the Long Count, the Tzolkin (divine calendar), and the Haab (civil calendar). Of these, only the Haab has a direct relationship to the length of the year.
Ch'en : Cave. A mysterious ancient mayan cave.
Pwes : Cistern. A cistern is a form of well that the Mayans used to gather rain water and store it for the villages use. The mayans often placed blocks over most of the opening of the cistern leaving just a small hole in the center for retrieving water.
Laak' Otoch / Laak'Noh : Guest Homes and Inns. These were simply empty structures built to house traveling Pok-A-Tok teams.
Cha'an Ka'nal : Watch Tower. These towers were used to see over the jungle canopy. They were used for a number of reasons, from spotting possible animal prey, to keeping watch from the smoke of approaching natives.
Hach Noh Otoch / Hach Noh Nah / Yalam Otoch / Ni'Nah : Very Big Home/House / Lower Home / Top House. This type of structure was used when space became scarce near the village center. The Mayans would combine their homes and share rooms to save space. This often created taller more magnificent structures.